The Red Fort is the historical fort present in New Delhi. As Delhi is the capital of India, the monument was established in Delhi as a politically important structure. But now it is preferred to be utilized on occasion of Independence Day commemoration every year. Although Red Fort over the years sustained to be the historically significant structure for ages. The reason it being so significant is the city of Delhi is regarded as the metropolis of the Mughal government over India. It is the UNESCO World Heritage Centre.
Also Read: History of Charminar
Red Fort, Why the Name?
The word Red Fort history in English explains it as a translation of the name Hindustani LalQila. It was named after the red stone being used in the fort’s construction. As the fort was being used to reside by the imperial family, royal regime. It was believed that the fort was no ordinary fort but a blessed one (Qila-e-Mubarak). All in All Agra fort also according to some legends are called Lal Qila.
History of Red Fort, Delhi
According to the Lal Qila history, the Mughal majesty in 1638 Shah Jahan relocated the metropolis of his kingdom freshly built cityscape in Delhi from Agra. The place then was known by the name of Shahjahanabad. Besides the construction/building up of the new city Delhi, he also laid the foundation stone of Lal Qila which we know better as Red Fort. The massive walled fortification which was built by making extensive use of red sandstone roughly took 10 years to accomplish.
Some legends stated that the layout and the design of the Red Fort were way better as compared to the design and layout of the Agra Fort. The Mughals sat on the chairs of this stronghold and their rule continued for 2 millenniums. The rule would have gone farther but due to the entrance of British in India as East India Company turned everything upside down. The Bahadur Shah Zafar who was endmost Mughal imperial, wore the crown in 1837. However, his powers were only effective until where the borders of the fort ended.
The Building Design
The building plan denoting Red Fort appears as a portrayal of the artistic affiliation or association that Mughals carried on the way when they were moving in a direction towards India. Seen as the pinnacle of the Mughal approach towards the style of architecture. The very first emperor, the mix of a Persian and Timurid (Hindu Traditions). As seen in most of the Mughal forts, the doors which were the prime doors of entering the main hall for day to day visitors and the main hall for a special guest. It is better known as the Hall of the audience/public. The Diwan-e-Khas is a place for the hall or place of privy spectators.
The gates of the Diwan-e-Aam have a spot for the drum house also known as Naubat Khana. This is basically the place where the musicians used to play the music for the emperors during occasions. The Diwan-e-Khas has an enormous hall with nine arch exterior. The hall has a decorated opening wherein the majestic throne used to be kept. However, it is postulated that it saw the renowned peacock kingship of Shah Jahan prior to it being overtaken by Iranian Nadir Shah.
The other Worth Taking a Look Spot
1. The Mumtaz Palace (which has now been transformed into a Museum)
2. Rang palace (Painted palace)
3. A sleeping chamber is also known as a place to dream
4. The Khas Palace (A personal/individual house with a room for telling beads
5. The royal bathing room
6. A Toshkhana better was known as robe chamber
The Mughal architecture is renowned for the attractive gardens which are a must-visit place in Red Fort itself. The garden is called Hayat-Baksh which means a garden that improves the health of the sick.
The Fort Today
A day came in the history of the red fort was liberated of its artwork and jewels at the time of Nadir Shah’s invasion in 1747. The major priceless stones and structures were spoilt during the 1857 National uprising, Revolt from the Indian people led by freedom fighters of that time. The fortified walls of the red fort. The walls of the fort were spared extensively as the command post. It was also the final place for the last Mughal emperor where the British put him on trial right before throwing him out in 1858 to Yangon. It is a famous tourist place these days.