Top Monuments in India that Reflect Rich Culture and Heritage

Historical Monuments of India

India is a country known for its rich culture. It is equally famous for its ancient and historical monuments. When we think about the famous monuments of India, there is this long never-ending list because every building here has its own story to be told.

Here, you will find the complete detail of all the monuments of India that you must see at least once. With such vast land and even better heritage, it gets challenging to select which Indian monuments to see and which not.

Let’s go through the list of all the famous monuments of India and later you will get a detailed description of most of them.

  • Taj Mahal, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
  • Gateway of India, Mumbai, Maharashtra
  • India Gate, New Delhi
  • Hawa Mahal, Jaipur, Rajasthan
  • Victoria Memorial, Kolkata, West Bengal
  • Lotus Temple, New Delhi
  • Qutub-Minar, New Delhi
  • Hampi, Karnataka
  • Jama Masjid, Delhi
  • Jantar Mantar, Jaipur, Rajasthan

So these were some ancient monuments of India that have caught millions of eyes of the visitors for many decades. You should not miss these famous monuments in India.

Famous Monuments of India

Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal has been one of the most beautiful sites to be watched in India. It has been enlisted in the seven wonders of the world. The monument built with white marble appears so pure. It was completed in 1648, and its architecture makes it one of the most beautiful monuments in the world. Not just the architecture, the story behind this precious monument makes the visit more beautiful.

Gateway of India

Gateway has been a significant part of Indian history. It was built in 1924 to welcome King George-V. Since then, it has witnessed all the major happenings in India. It has seen India’s Independence March and has also witnessed the 26/11 attack. It makes a visit to Mumbai more precious by its stories as is a must-visit Indian monument.

India Gate

This famous monument was built in 1931, and it was dedicated to all 70,000 soldiers who lost their lives in World War-1. This 42metre high monument has names of all the Indian martyrs carved on it. It became more special when the Indian government added Amar Jawan Jyoti after the Indo-Pak war in 1971.

Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal also translated as The Palace of Winds is a five-story 15-meter tall building with so many windows. It was built by King Sawai Pratap Singh so that the women could look at the city without getting seen by others. Pratap Singh restricted them to move out and visit the city. Once you are at the top of the palace, you can have a bird’s eye view of the Jantar Mantar, City Palace and a few other monuments of Jaipur.

Victoria Memorial

Victoria Memorial is the most famous building in Kolkata situated at the bank of Hoogly river. Kolkata itself is such a beautiful city that must be visited once in a life. This monument was built to commemorate Queen Elizabeth. Still, now, it has been turned into a museum and has been taken over by the ministry of culture and is one of the most beautiful monuments of India.

Lotus Temple

Also known as Bahai Temple, it is a lotus-shaped holy centre for the Bahais. It is composed of 27 free standing petal-shaped marbles. It has nine doors that open up to the 40 meters high, the centre hall which can hold around 2,500 people and is a must-visit Indian monument.


Qutab Minar is a 73m high tower built by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak. It was made after the last Hindu ruler was defeated to celebrate the Mughal rule in India. Close to the tower is the famous iron Pillar and at the foot of it is the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque which is believed to be the first mosque built in India, it is a significant historical monument of India.


Hampi is located near Hospet town in Karnataka. The boulder-strewn hills surround it. Hampi is a unique place of its kind. It comprises of 500 plus ancient monuments like palaces, temples, royal markets and so on. Hampi is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India.

Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid construction began in 1644. It is the holy centre of Muslims in India, having three massive gates and four towers. It has the capacity of holding 25,000 devotees, and it is the largest mosque in India.

Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar is considered as an instrument to measure astronomical time. It was built in the tenure of Raja Jai Singh in 1728-34. It is still used for astronomical observations, and it is so accurate that it is also considered as UNESCO World Heritage Site and has got a place in our list of famous Indian monuments. 

Apart from this, there are many other famous monuments in India that you must visit. We have mentioned some very famous and popular monuments.

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